The whiteness of the patient’s teeth may reduce by time (due to smoking or consuming coffee) and the simplest way of regaining it is teeth whitening. Teeth whitening is a dental procedure during which the dark pigments are being split under influence of special gel and the teeth enamel obtains lighter shade. Teeth whitening may be performed both at home if the patient uses a whitening splint and also at the dentistry where whitening is performed by a laser or light.
- The patient’s gums, lips and cheeks are isolated by a special lip retractor and gum gel.
- The whitening gel gets applied to the teeth and then it is shone with a laser or a special lamp.
- The specific of the gel determines whether it gets changed several times or kept on the teeth for a particular timespan.
- At the session the gel is to be rinsed form the teeth and the obtained shade of the teeth is compared.
- After the procedure the teeth are covered by fluoric gel to strengthen the teeth enamel and prevent sensitivity.
Procedure at home
- A patient gets a whitening split produced by making an imprint at the dental clinic.
- The imprint is sent to the laboratory.
- The patient can apply the whitening splint for a period up to a couple of hours during the day (or night). The whitening gel that is intended for use at home is much weaker than the one used at the dental clinic therefore it may be used daily for a period up to two weeks. If the teeth become sensitive, whitening can be performed every other day or more seldom. After 14 attempts whitening should be terminated.
- Teeth whitening may cause teeth sensitivity therefore after the procedure a tooth paste for sensitive teeth is recommended.
- Teeth whitening may be performed to patients that are at least 18 years old.
- If you have not seen the dental hygienist for a longer while, we suggest that the hygiene of the oral cavity is conducted before the whitening procedure.
- The teeth filling cannot be whitened therefore they may need to be replaced after whitening.
It often happens that one or two incisive teeth have little discoloured. Such an aesthetic defect should be accepted – the natural shade of the tooth can be regained.
Tooth discolouring is caused by loss of the dental vitality – the tooth has become lifeless. It mostly means the tooth has been given endodontic treatment that should be retreated. After that the filling is covered by special lining followed by input of whitening substance into the crown part of the tooth. The whitening substance is fed in at the part of palatine so no defect can be seen. The whitening substance is being kept in the tooth for a week at least and then a control visit is needed. If the wished result has not achieved yet, the whitening procedure is to be continued.